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Paul Windschitl

Paul Windschitl
Ph.D., Iowa State University, 1996
272 PBSB
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Curriculum Vitae: Lab:
207 SLP
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Lab Website

Research Interests

Optimism / Likelihood judgment
Perceived vulnerability / risk
Decision making under uncertainty
Decision making in health contexts
Social comparison 
Comparative judgment processes

Primary Research Area

Judgment and Decision Making, Cognition, Social Psychology

Training Areas

Research Group

Representative Publications

(More on Google Scholar)

Miller, J. E., Park, I., Smith, A. R., & Windschitl, P. D. (in press). Do people prescribe (over)optimism?  Psychological Science.

Stuart, J. O., Windschitl, P. D., Miller, J. E., Smith, A. R., Zikmund-Fisher, B. J., & Scherer, L. D. (in press). Attributions for ambiguity in a treatment-decision context can create ambiguity aversion or seeking. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making.

Li, S., Miller, J. E., Stuart, J. O., Jules, S. J., Scherer, A. M., Smith, A. R., & Windschitl, P. D. (2021). The effects of tool comparisons when estimating the likelihood of task success. Judgment and Decision Making, 16, 165-200.

Smith, A, R., Windschitl, P. D., Rose, J. P. (2020) An integrated approach to biases in referent-specific judgments.  Thinking and Reasoning, 26, 581-614.

Miller, J. E., Windschitl, P. D., Treat, T. A., & Scherer, A. M. (2019). Unhealthy and unaware? Misjudging social comparative standing for health-relevant behavior. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 85, Article 103873.

Gold, J. M., Stuart, J. O., Thiem, K. C., Field, R. W., Fernandez-Baca, J., and Windschitl, P. D. (2018).  The unintended impact of smoking-risk information on concerns about radon: A randomized controlled trial.  Health Psychology, 37, 1123-1133.

Stuart, J. O., Windschitl, P. D., Smith, A. R., & Scherer, A. M. (2017). Behaving optimistically: How the (un)desirability of an outcome can bias people's preparations for it.  Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 30, 54-69. 

Windschitl, P. D., & Stuart, J. O. (2015).  Optimism Biases: Type and Causes.  In Gideon Keren & George Wu (Eds.) Handbook of Judgment and Decision Making.  Blackwell Publishing. 

Scherer, A. M., Windschitl, P. D., & Smith A., R. (2013).  Hope to be right: Biased information seeking following arbitrary and informed predictions.  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 106–112.  

Windschitl, P. D., Conybeare, D., & Krizan, Z. (2008). Direct-comparison judgments: When and why above- and below-average effects reverse. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 137, 182-200.

Windschitl, P. D., Smith, A. R., Rose, J. P., & Krizan, Z. (2010). The desirability bias in predictions: Going optimistic without leaving realism. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Making, 111, 33-47.

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