Our research examines the neural mechanisms that underlie flexible behavior and cognition. 

We are interested in how humans carry out and maintain goal-directed behaviors; specifically, how the cognitive system resolves challenges to this goal. Common examples of such challenges are unexpected events and action errors.

We investigate the dynamic interplay between brain networks that subserve: 
   - The monitoring of the external and internal environment. 
   - The evaluation of action outcomes. 
   - The adaptation of ongoing behavior and cognition in the short and long term.

We use a variety of methods to study these questions, including (but not limited to): 
   - Scalp-recorded Electroencephalography (EEG). 
   - Invasive recordings of brain activity (ECoG and DBS-LFP recordings). 
   - Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). 
   - Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI). 
   - Computational modeling. 
   - Autonomic psychophysiology.

Finally, we study how pathological processes, brain lesions, and (ab)normal aging affect these networks.